Dental implants have become a revolutionary solution to replace missing teeth, offering several benefits such as better chewing ability, better appearance and increased self-confidence let alone improved speaking ability. However, like all medical procedures, dental implants are not without potential side effects and risks. It is important to fully understand the potential side effects of dental implants.
Despite the possible risks the success rates of placement of dental implants is over 96% worldwide, but as surgeons work on human tissue nothing can be guaranteed. But there is no reason to worry if implant treatment fails for some reasons, in many cases it can be redone. In this blog, we learn about the side effects of dental implants, their types, causes, management and risk minimization.
Understanding Dental Implants
Dental implants are artificial tooth roots, usually made of biocompatible materials such as titanium. Surgically placed into the jawbone, these implants serve as a stable foundation for replacement teeth (crowns, bridges or dentures). The implant integrates with the surrounding bone through a process called osseointegration, providing a strong and permanent base for the artificial teeth. When a tooth implant process is completed it replaces the capabilities of a real tooth up to 80-90% depending on the patients’s age and applied solution.
Types of Dental Implant Side Effects
Pain and Discomfort:
After the dental implant surgery, it is common to experience some pain, swelling, and bruising in the gums and surrounding tissues. Treatments: Pain relievers and following the prescribed post-operative care can help alleviate the discomfort.
Inflammation and Swelling:
Swelling of the gums and face may occur after the surgery, usually subsiding within a few days. It is rather typical if sinus lift and/or bone graft took place. Treatment: Using ice packs and maintaining proper oral hygiene can help reduce inflammation and swelling.
Surgical site infection is a possible side effect that can cause pain, redness and swelling. Prevention and treatment: Proper oral hygiene, prescribed antibiotics and regular dental follow-up can help prevent and control infections.
Bruising of the skin, lips or gums may occur as a result of the surgical procedure. Treatment: Ice packs and avoiding strenuous activity can help reduce bruising.
Some bleeding from the surgical site is normal immediately after the procedure. Treatment: Gentle pressure and biting on a gauze pad can help control bleeding.
Dental implant surgery carries the risk of nerve damage, which can cause numbness or tingling in the lips, tongue or jaw. Treatment: Nervous system problems often resolve with time, but persistent symptoms should be evaluated by a dentist or oral surgeon.
Sinus problems (top jaw implants):
Dental implants in the upper jaw (jaw) can protrude into the sinus, causing sinus-related symptoms such as sinusitis. Prevention and Treatment: Proper evaluation of sinus anatomy by a qualified surgeon and an appropriate implant can reduce the risk of sinus infections. This is why 3d scan is taken before the surgery.
Problems with bone integration:
Peri-implantitis is an inflammatory condition affecting the tissues around the implant, resembling periodontal disease and causing pain and infection. Prevention and Management: Excellent oral hygiene, regular professional cleanings, and prompt treatment of any signs of peri-implantitis are essential for prevention and management.