Anesthesia during dental procedures
Today’s dental treatments can solve almost any problem with the teeth. However, the mouth and especially the teeth are very sensitive, so there is just a few dental treatments that can be done without anesthesia. For example, no one needs anesthesia for dental hygiene treatment or some patients can do smaller dental fillings without local anesthesia, but it is always necessary for more serious treatments.
Types of anesthesia for dental care
1., Mucosal anesthesia: Usually done with cream, lidocaine. It is used for children and for everyone making injections pain-free.
2., Anesthetic injection: In the case of upper teeth, it is usually injected into the bone because it works best. For lower teeth, it is injected to the nerve fiber of the tooth to be treated to achieve the desired effect.
Pain relief can always be achieved, even in inflamed areas, although it requires a stronger drug.
3., Sedation: When it is applied patient conscious but dizzy. One understands the dentist’s instructions and can execute them. During treatment, the patient is completely at ease, and experiences treatment much shorter. This pain relief procedure also requires an anesthetic doctor who constantly monitors the patient’s condition. At the end of sedation, the patient receives a special medication to regain consciousness within minutes.
4., Anesthesia: This is the same method as used in other types of surgery in normal operating theaters. Before anesthesia, a medical examination and blood test is required. No food should be consumed six hours before anesthesia. It is used for serious, complex oral surgery, such as extraction of a complete set of teeth or placement of implants for a whole arch. Anesthesia may take several hours. After completing the anesthesia, rest is required for a few hours until the patient fully recovers. After the patient has recovered in the rest room, he or she may be escorted out after a few hours of observation. Patient should not drive or perform any other hazardous activity on the day of anesthesia. Some serious illnesses exclude dental treatment under general anesthesia.